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Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a study to identify, predict, evaluate and communicate information about the impacts on the environment of a proposed project and to detail out the mitigating measures prior to project approval and implementation

Guided Self-Regulation (GSR)

Self-regulation has been adopted by the Department of Environment (DOE) as a long-term goal to be achieved and a culture to be inculcated within the regulated sectors through mainstreaming of environmental agenda. Environmental mainstreaming has been integrated into all the recent regulations of the DOE. The implementation of environmental mainstreaming to promote and instil self-regulation in industrial pollution control has been translated into regulatory requirements on performance monitoring of pollution control measures, scheduled reporting, record keeping, competent persons, and involvement of environmental professionals playing specific roles. This approach to pollution control is a win-win concept which has shown to accrue positive results in optimal operation of pollution control systems (PCSs), prevention of PCS failures, cost savings in PCS operation, systematic management of performance monitoring data and improved regulatory compliance on a sustained basis. On a wider perspective, self-regulation which complements the existing command and control approach of the DOE, would result in cultivating environmental ownership and excellence in environmental commitment from the regulated sectors.

The EIA procedure, a preventive strategy of the DOE also needs to embrace the environmental mainstreaming and self-regulation goal in order to enhance its effectiveness in mitigating the adverse impacts from development projects on the environment at every stage of the EIA procedure. Self-regulation culture in EIAs means that the Project Proponent will be charged with full responsibility and accountability for taking environmental friendly options and instituting effective pollution prevention and mitigation measures (P2M2) and self-demonstration of regulatory compliance of the EIA procedure at all stages of project implementation. From business perspective, self-regulation is a potent business strategic tool where positive image of good governance and corporate social responsibility could be portrayed to the public, enhancing the public’s acceptance of an EIA project. Additionally, self-regulation would also result in reducing snapshot enforcement inspections currently practiced by the Department of Environment, whose inspectors find it impossible to be constantly involved in inspecting the EIA projects in every phase of its implementation. Taking into consideration of the current scenario in Malaysia, Guided Self-Regulation (GSR) adopted by the DOE would require the project proponents to undertake several actions that are necessary to make way for the mainstreaming of environmental agenda in the EIA projects.

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