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Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a study to identify, predict, evaluate and communicate information about the impacts on the environment of a proposed project and to detail out the mitigating measures prior to project approval and implementation

About EIA

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) can be broadly defined as a study to identify, predict, evaluate, and communicate information about the impacts (both beneficial and adverse) on the environment of a proposed development activity and to detail out the mitigating measures prior to project approval and implementation. Although the emphasis is often on the biophysical environment, in recent years, social and economic environment have also been included in EIA studies.  Through the EIA process, the most environmentally suitable options from various perspectives such as site, manufacturing technology, resources, and mitigation measures can be identified at an early stage. As a consequence, not only positive impacts can be maximized, adverse and damaging impacts, and costly remedial measures can be prevented or reduced.

In Malaysia, EIA is a statutory requirement for activities which have been prescribed under Section 34A of the Environmental Quality Act (EQA) 1974. Section 34A (2C) of the Act stipulates that any person intending to carry out any of the prescribed activities is required to appoint a Qualified Person to conduct an EIA and submit a report to the Director General of Environment. A Qualified Person is an individual who has met the DOE’s technical and experience criteria, hence he is eligible to be registered as an EIA Consultant.

In the EIA Report, the Project Proponent makes a legal pledge of his commitment to implement pollution prevention and mitigation measures (P2M2) to reduce the adverse impacts to the environment. EIA Report serves as a decision making tool for the project approval authority to decide whether a proposed project can be approved for implementation

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